History Royal Tapestry Factory
Royal Tapestry Factory
Founded in 1721
The Royal Tapestry Factory can boast of 300 years of experience in the production and restoration of rugs, tapestries and Coats of Arms.
The War of the Spanish Succession ends. Spain loses its territories in Flanders.
Cutting of commercial ties between Spain and Flanders. Flemish tapestries are no longer exported to Spain.
Philip V of Spain founds the Royal Tapestry Factory in Madrid, near Puerta de Santa Bárbara. The Vandergoten family, a generation of Flemish craftmen, oversee work at the factory.
High-warp looms are introduced in order to increase both the factory’s production capacity and the quality of tapestries.
Francisco de Goya delivers his first series of cartoons for tapestries.
Alfonso XII of Spain authorizes the demolition of the first building of the Royal Tapestry factory in order to proceed with Madrid’s expansion works.
The weaving workshops are moved to the new headquarters in Atocha. The Neo-Mudéjar-style building was designed by Senior Architect (Arquitecto Mayor de Palacio), José Segundo de Lema.
When Spain becomes a Republic, the Royal Tapestry Factory is renamed the National Factory of Tapestries and Rugs and falls within the Ministry of Public Instruction.
The Stuyck family, lineal descendants of Vandergoten, return from exile to take over the factory’s administration.
After a period of difficulties caused by competition with the defunct Fundación de Gremios (Guild Foundation), the factory retakes the name "Real Fábrica” translated into English as “Royal Factory".
The Royal Tapestry Factory becomes a Foundation. Its management is handed over to a Board made up of public administrators and a number of individual board members.
The building is declared to be a Cultural Heritage Site (Bien de Interés Cultural) by the Madrid Autonomous Administration.
The headquarters of the Royal Tapestry Factory is selected within the framework of the Spanish Historical Heritage Institute’s (Instituto del Patrimonio Histórico Español) Industrial Heritage Plan.