The Royal Tapestry Factory preserves the ancient technique of knot weaving for the making of its famous rugs.
The technique consists of knotting wool threads of different colours over cotton warps, making up a pattern similar to tesserae.
First of all, materials and dyes aimed at colouring the fibres are carefully selected. Their selection highly determines the rug’s aesthetics and durability, and is therefore subject to rigorous quality control. Clients can participate in the selection of materials and colours, so that the rug adapts perfectly to their needs.
For the production of rugs, the weavers use the knot technique in both its symmetrical (Turkish knot) and asymmetrical (Spanish knot) variants. Finally, the rug’s design is enhanced by the exclusive technique of trimming, which emphasizes the figures and turns rugs of the Royal Factory into unique pieces of craftsmanship.
The rugs require regular interventions to deal with damage and degradation caused by use or inadequate storage.
The Royal Tapestry Factory specializes in the restoration of European-knot rugs, but has a team of experts capable of restoring all types of handmade and mechanical rugs.
The materials and products used in the restoration of rugs are neutral: they do not damage the piece, and do not pose a threat to workers or to the environment.
The Royal Factory’s team of professionals examine the rugs and come up with an individualized intervention plan in accordance with the needs of each piece. The process begins with cleaning, followed by the restoration of the rug’s internal structure. After that, the deteriorated knots are replaced by new material dyed accordingly, thus guaranteeing an aesthetic and lasting result.
The professional cleaning of rugs is essential to prevent their degradation and ensure their survival over time.
Improper storage conditions such as dirt, excessive lighting or moisture can alter the rug’s surface and internal structure.
The Royal Tapestry Factory specializes in the cleaning of rugs and other large-scale textiles, and has Europe’s most technologically advanced aqueous cleaning facility.
The maintenance unit offers the possibility of moving out of the factory to pick up the pieces that will undergo cleaning in the Factory’s facilities. This is specially adapted for the professional treatment of current and historical rugs. Once clean and ready to be reused, carpets are re-installed in the institutions or private homes at no extra cost.
The Research, Development and Innovation programme of the Royal Tapestry Factory has developed Europe’s most advanced immersion cleaning facility. The system is designed specifically for the aqueous cleaning of large-scale textiles. This was achieved thanks to the participation of the Spanish Council for Scientific Research (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Scientíficas-CSIC), the British Historic Royal Palaces and IPHE.
The washing process requires control and care, previous testing as well as the analysis of the dyes’ solubility. Therefore, we have qualified personnel specialized in the field of conservation of not only tapestries, but also other current and historical textiles.